Unicode Entity Codes for Math

Common Arithmetic & Alebgra

Codes for Common Math Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
LESS THAN < 0x3C &lt;
GREATER THAN > 0x3E &gt;
LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 0x2264 &le;
GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO 0x2265 &ge;
PLUS OR MINUS ± 0xB1 &plusmn;
NOT EQUALS 0x2260 &ne;
DIVISION SIGN ÷ 0xF7 &divide;
TIMES X × 0xD7 &times;
MINUS 0x2212 &minus;
DIVISION SLASH 0x2215 --
FRACTION SLASH 0x2044 &frasl;
SQUARE ROOT RADICAL 0x221A &radic;
CUBE ROOT 0x221B --
FOURTH ROOT 0x221C --
INFINITY 0x221E &infin;
ALEF INFINITY SYMBOL 0x2135 &alefsym;
FUNCTION ITALIC F ƒ 0x192 &fnof;
PRIME (single quote) 0x2032 &prime;
DOUBLE PRIME (double quote) 0x2033 &Prime;
TRIPLE PRIME (triple quote) 0x2034 --
THEREFORE (Triangular Dots) 0x2234 &there4;
DOT OPERATOR 0x22C5 &sdot;
LEFT ANGLE BRACKET 0x2329 &lang;
RIGHT ANGLE BRACKET 0x232A &rang;
LEFT CEILING BRACKET 0x2308 &lceil;
RIGHT CEILING BRACKET 0x2309 &rceil;
LEFT FLOOR BRACKET 0x230A &lceil;
RIGHT FLOOR BRACKET 0x230B &rceil;
CIRCLED PLUS (Direct Sum) 0x2295 &oplus;
CIRCLED TIMES (Vector Product) 0x2297 &otimes;

Superscript and Subscript

Superscript Chart

Codes for Superscript Characters
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
SUPERSCRIPT ZERO 0x2070
SUPERSCRIPT ONE ¹ 0xB9 &sup1;
SUPERSCRIPT TWO ² 0xB2 &sup2;
SUPERSCRIPT THREE ³ 0xB3 &sup3;
SUPERSCRIPT FOUR 0x2074 --
SUPERSCRIPT FIVE 0x2075 --
SUPERSCRIPT SIX 0x2076 --
SUPERSCRIPT SEVEN 0x2077 --
SUPERSCRIPT EIGHT 0x2078 --
SUPERSCRIPT NINE 0x2079 --
SUPERSCRIPT PLUS SIGN 0x207A --
SUPERSCRIPT MINUS 0x207B --
SUPERSCRIPT EQUALS SIGN 0x207C --
SUPERSCRIPT LEFT PARENTHESIS 0x207D --
SUPERSCRIPT RIGHT PARENTHESIS 0x207E --
SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER I 0x2071 --
SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N 0x207F --

Subscript Codes

Codes for Subscript Characters
Character Name Character Hex Code
SUBSCRIPT ZERO 0x2080
SUBSCRIPT ONE 0x2081
SUBSCRIPT TWO 0x2082
SUBSCRIPT THREE 0x2083
SUBSCRIPT FOUR 0x2084
SUBSCRIPT FIVE 0x2085
SUBSCRIPT SIX 0x2086
SUBSCRIPT SEVEN 0x2087
SUBSCRIPT EIGHT 0x2088
SUBSCRIPT NINE 0x2089
SUBSCRIPT PLUS SIGN 0x208A
SUBSCRIPT MINUS 0x208B
SUBSCRIPT EQUALS SIGN 0x208C
SUBSCRIPT LEFT PARENTHESIS 0x208D
SUBSCRIPT RIGHT PARENTHESIS 0x208E
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER A 0x2090
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER E 0x2091
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER O 0x2092
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER I 0x1D62
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER R 0x1D63
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER U 0x1D64
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER V 0x1D65
LATIN SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER X 0x2093
GREEK SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER BETA 0x1D66
GREEK SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER GAMMA 0x1D67
GREEK SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER RHO 0x1D68
GREEK SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER PHI 0x1D69
GREEK SUBSCRIPT SMALL LETTER CHI 0x1D6A

Fractions

Codes for Fracctions
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
VULGAR FRACTION 1/4 ¼ 0xBC &frac14;
VULGAR FRACTION 1/2 ½ 0xBD &frac12;
VULGAR FRACTION 3/4 ¾ 0xBE &frac34;
VULGAR FRACTION 1/3 0x2153 --
VULGAR FRACTION 2/3 0x2154 --
VULGAR FRACTION 1/5 0x2155 --
VULGAR FRACTION 2/5 0x2156 --
VULGAR FRACTION 3/5 0x2157 --
VULGAR FRACTION 4/5 0x2158 --
VULGAR FRACTION 1/6 0x2159 --
VULGAR FRACTION 5/6 0x215A --
VULGAR FRACTION 1/8 0x215B --
VULGAR FRACTION 3/8 0x215C --
VULGAR FRACTION 5/8 0x215D --
VULGAR FRACTION 7/8 0x215E --

Common Statistics

Codes for Statistics Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
LOWER CASE MU (Mean) μ 0x3BC &mu;
LOWER CASE SIGMA (Standard Deviation) σ 0x3C3 &sigma;
LOWER CASE CHI χ 0x3C7 &chi;
CAPITAL SIGMA N-ARY SUMMATION 0x2211 &sum;
CAPITAL PI N-ARY PRODUCT 0x220F &prod;
N-ARY COPRODUCT (upside down capital pi) 0x2210 --

Measurement Symbols

Common Symbols

Codes for Measurement Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
DEGREE SYMBOL ° 0xB0 &deg;
MICRO MU SYMBOL µ 0xB5 &micro;
SINGLE PRIME (feet, degree minutes) 0x2032 &prime;
DOUBLE PRIME (inches, degree seconds) 0x2032 &Prime;
PER MILLE (1/1000th) 0x2030 &permil;

Calculus

Common Calculus Entity Codes

Codes for Calculus Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
INTEGRAL 0x222B &int;
PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL 0x2202 &part;
INCREMENT (Difference or capital Delta) Δ 0x2206 &Delta;
NABLA (Backward Difference, Grad or upside down triangle) 0x2207 &nabla;
DOUBLE INTEGRAL 0x222C --
TRIPLE INTEGRAL 0x222D --
QUADRUPLE INTEGRAL 0x2A0C --
CONTOUR INTEGRAL 0x222E --
SURFACE INTEGRAL 0x222F --
VOLUME INTEGRAL 0x2230 --
CLOCKWISE INTEGRAL 0x2231 --
ANTICLOCKWISE INTEGRAL 0x2A11 --
CLOCKWISE CONTOUR INTEGRAL 0x2232 --
ANTICLOCKWISE CONTOUR INTEGRAL 0x2233 --

Letter Symbols

Common Letter Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
INFINITY (Sideways 8) 0x221E &infin;
ALEF INFINITY SYMBOL 0x2135 &alefsym;
WEIERSTRASS POWER SET (Script Capital P) 0x2118 &weierp;
IMAGINARY Part (Blackletter I) 0x2111 &image;
REAL NUMBER (Blackletter R) 0x211C &real;
DOUBLE-STRUCK REAL NUMBER (Doublestruck R) 0x211D --
COMPLEX NUMBERS (Doublestruck C) 0x2102 --
NATURAL NUMBERS (Doublestruck N) 0x2115 --
PRIME NUMBERS (Doublestruck P) 0x2119 --
RATIONAL NUMBERS (Doublestruck Q) 0x211A --
INTEGERS (Doublestruck Z) 0x2124 --

Logic & Set Theory

Codes for Logic and Set Theory Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
FOR ALL (Upside-down A) 0x2200 &forall;
COMPLEMENT (Thin C) 0x2201 --
THERE EXISTS (Backwards E) 0x2203 &exist;
THERE DOES NOT EXIST (Backwards E with slash) 0x2204 --
EMPTY SET (O slash) 0x2205 &empty;
NOT SYMBOL (Corner) ¬ 0xAC &not;
TILDE (Alternate Not Symbol) ˜ -- &tilde;
LOGICAL AND (Wedge or Upside down V Symbol) 0x2227 &and;
LOGICAL OR (V Symbol) 0x2228 &or;
XOR 0x22BB --
NAND 0x22BC --
NOR 0x22BD --
INTERSECTION (Cap or Upside Down U) 0x2229 &cap;
UNION (Cup or U Symbol) 0x222A &cup;
ELEMENT OF 0x2208 &isin;
NOT AN ELEMENT OF 0x2209 &notin;
SMALL ELEMENT OF 0x220A --
CONTAINS AS MEMBER 0x220B &ni;
DOES NOT CONTAIN AS MEMBER 0x220C --
SMALL CONTAINS AS MEMBER 0x220D --
SET MINUS 0x2216 --
SUBSET OF (Sideways U with cap to left) 0x2282 &sub;
SUPERSET OF (Sideways U with cap to right) 0x2283 &sup;
NOT A SUBSET OF (Subset with Slash) 0x2284 &nsub;
NOT A SUPERSET OF (Superset with slash) 0x2285 --
SUBSET OF OR EQUAL TO (Subset with line below) 0x2286 &sube;
SUPERSET OF OR EQUAL TO (Superset with line below) 0x2287 &supe;
NEITHER A SUBSET OF NOR EQUAL TO 0x2288 --
NEITHER A SUPERSET OF NOR EQUAL TO 0x2289 --
SUBSET OF WITH NOT EQUAL TO 0x228A --
SUPERSET OF WITH NOT EQUAL TO 0x228B --
DIAMOND OPERATOR (Possibility) 0x22C4 --
ASYMPTOTICALLY EQUAL TO (One to one Correspondence) 0x2243 --
NOT ASYMPTOTICALLY EQUAL TO 0x2244 --
MULTISET (U with arrow) 0x228C --
MULTISET MULTIPLICATION (U with dot in center) 0x228D --
MULTISET UNION (U with plus in center) 0x228E --
DOUBLE SUBSET 0x22D0 --
DOUBLE SUPERSET 0x22D1 --
DOUBLE INTERSECTION 0x22D2 --
DOUBLE UNION 0x22D3 --
N-ARY LOGICAL AND 0x22C0 --
N-ARY LOGICAL OR 0x22C1 --
N-ARY INTERSECTION/td> 0x22C2 --
N-ARY UNION 0x22C3 --
CURLY LOGICAL OR 0x22CE --
CURLY LOGICAL AND 0x22CF --
CIRCLED PLUS (Direct Sum) 0x2295 &oplus;
CIRCLED TIMES (Vector Product) 0x2297 &otimes;
CIRCLED MINUS 0x2296 --
CIRCLED DIVISION SLASH 0x2298 --

Other Element Of Symbols

Character Name Character Hex Code
Variants of Element of Symbols
ELEMENT OF WITH LONG HORIZONTAL STROKE 0x22F2
ELEMENT OF WITH VERTICAL BAR AT END OF HORIZONTAL STROKE 0x22F3
SMALL ELEMENT OF WITH VERTICAL BAR AT END OF HORIZONTAL STROKE 0x22F4
ELEMENT OF WITH DOT ABOVE 0x22F5
ELEMENT OF WITH OVERBAR 0x22F6
SMALL ELEMENT OF WITH OVERBAR 0x22F7
ELEMENT OF WITH UNDERBAR 0x22F8
ELEMENT OF WITH TWO HORIZONTAL STROKES 0x22F9
CONTAINS WITH LONG HORIZONTAL STROKE 0x22FA
CONTAINS WITH VERTICAL BAR AT END OF HORIZONTAL STROKE 0x22FB
SMALL CONTAINS WITH VERTICAL BAR AT END OF HORIZONTAL STROKE 0x22FC
CONTAINS WITH OVERBAR 0x22FD
SMALL CONTAINS WITH OVERBAR 0x22FE
NOTATION BAG MEMBERSHIP 0x22FF

Geometric Symbols

Angles and Lines

Codes for Angle/Line Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
RIGHT ANGLE 0x221F
ANGLE 0x2220 &ang;
MEASURED ANGLE 0x2221
SPHERICAL ANGLE 0x2222
DIVIDES 0x2223
DOES NOT DIVIDE 0x2224
PARALLEL TO 0x2225
NOT PARALLEL TO 0x2226
RIGHT ANGLE WITH ARC 0x22BE
RIGHT TRIANGLE 0x22BF
UP TACK (Perpendicular) 0x22A5 &perp;
RIGHT TACK 0x22A2
LEFT TACK 0x22A3
DOWN TACK 0x22A4

Logical Proofs

Codes for Symbols in Proofs
Character Name Character Hex Code
THEREFORE (Triangular Dots) 0x2234 &there4;
BECAUSE (Upside down Triangular Dots) 0x2235
PROPORTIONAL TO 0x221D &prop;
END OF PROOF (solid rectangle) 0x220E

Common Equivalence and Proportion Operators

Common Equivalence Operators

Codes for Equivalence Statements (e.g. Not Equals)
Character Name Character Hex Code Entity
NOT EQUALS 0x2260 &ne;
APPROXIMATELY EQUAL 0x2245 &cong;
ALMOST EQUAL (ASYMPTOTIC) 0x2248 &asymp;
NOT ALMOST EQUAL TO 0x2249 --
TILDE SIMILAR TO 0x223C &sim;
IDENTICAL TO 0x2261 &equiv;
NOT IDENTICAL TO 0x2262 --

Other Equivalence Symbols

More Equivalence Symbols
Character Name Character Hex Code
STRICTLY EQUIVALENT TO 0x2263
NOT IDENTICAL TO 0x2262
LESS-THAN OVER EQUAL TO 0x2266
GREATER-THAN OVER EQUAL TO 0x2267
LESS-THAN BUT NOT EQUAL TO 0x2268
GREATER-THAN BUT NOT EQUAL TO 0x2269
MUCH LESS-THAN 0x226A
MUCH GREATER-THAN 0x226B
BETWEEN 0x226C
NOT EQUIVALENT TO 0x226D
NOT LESS-THAN 0x226E
NOT GREATER-THAN 0x226F
NEITHER LESS-THAN NOR EQUAL TO 0x2270
NEITHER GREATER-THAN NOR EQUAL TO 0x2271
LESS-THAN OR EQUIVALENT TO 0x2272
GREATER-THAN OR EQUIVALENT TO 0x2273
NEITHER LESS-THAN NOR EQUIVALENT TO 0x2274
NEITHER GREATER-THAN NOR EQUIVALENT TO 0x2275
LESS-THAN OR GREATER-THAN 0x2276
GREATER-THAN OR LESS-THAN 0x2277
NEITHER LESS-THAN NOR GREATER-THAN 0x2278
NEITHER GREATER-THAN NOR LESS-THAN 0x2279
NOT TILDE 0x2241
MINUS TILDE 0x2242
ASYMPTOTICALLY EQUAL TO 0x2243
NOT ASYMPTOTICALLY EQUAL TO 0x2244
APPROXIMATELY BUT NOT ACTUALLY EQUAL TO 0x2246
NEITHER APPROXIMATELY NOR ACTUALLY EQUAL TO 0x2247
NOT ALMOST EQUAL TO 0x2249
ALMOST EQUAL OR EQUAL TO 0x224A
TRIPLE TILDE 0x224B
ALL EQUAL TO 0x224C

Other Mathematical Symbols

Math Symbol Codes
Character Name Character Hex Entity
MINUS-OR-PLUS SIGN 0x2213
DOT PLUS 0x2214
ASTERISK OPERATOR 0x2217
RING OPERATOR 0x2218
BULLET OPERATOR 0x2219
PROPORTIONAL TO 0x221D
RATIO 0x2236
PROPORTION 0x2237
DOT MINUS 0x2238
EXCESS 0x2239
GEOMETRIC PROPORTION 0x223A
HOMOTHETIC 0x223B
TILDE OPERATOR 0x223C
REVERSED TILDE 0x223D
INVERTED LAZY S 0x223E
SINE WAVE 0x223F
WREATH PRODUCT 0x2240
EQUIVALENT TO 0x224D
GEOMETRICALLY EQUIVALENT TO 0x224E
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN 0x224F
APPROACHES THE LIMIT 0x2250
GEOMETRICALLY EQUAL TO 0x2251
APPROXIMATELY EQUAL TO OR THE IMAGE OF 0x2252
IMAGE OF OR APPROXIMATELY EQUAL TO 0x2253
COLON EQUALS 0x2254
EQUALS COLON 0x2255
RING IN EQUAL TO 0x2256
RING EQUAL TO 0x2257
CORRESPONDS TO 0x2258
ESTIMATES 0x2259
EQUIANGULAR TO 0x225A
STAR EQUALS 0x225B
DELTA EQUAL TO 0x225C
EQUAL TO BY DEFINITION 0x225D
MEASURED BY 0x225E
QUESTIONED EQUAL TO 0x225F
PRECEDES 0x227A
SUCCEEDS 0x227B
PRECEDES OR EQUAL TO 0x227C
SUCCEEDS OR EQUAL TO 0x227D
PRECEDES OR EQUIVALENT TO 0x227E
SUCCEEDS OR EQUIVALENT TO 0x227F
DOES NOT PRECEDE 0x2280
DOES NOT SUCCEED 0x2281
SQUARE IMAGE OF 0x228F
SQUARE ORIGINAL OF 0x2290
SQUARE IMAGE OF OR EQUAL TO 0x2291
SQUARE ORIGINAL OF OR EQUAL TO 0x2292
SQUARE CAP 0x2293
SQUARE CUP 0x2294
CIRCLED PLUS 0x2295
CIRCLED MINUS 0x2296
CIRCLED TIMES 0x2297
CIRCLED DIVISION SLASH 0x2298
CIRCLED DOT OPERATOR 0x2299
CIRCLED RING OPERATOR 0x229A
CIRCLED ASTERISK OPERATOR 0x229B
CIRCLED EQUALS 0x229C
CIRCLED DASH 0x229D
SQUARED PLUS 0x229E
SQUARED MINUS 0x229F
SQUARED TIMES 0x22A0
SQUARED DOT OPERATOR 0x22AA
ASSERTION 0x22A6
MODELS 0x22A7
TRUE 0x22A8
FORCES 0x22A9
TRIPLE VERTICAL BAR RIGHT TURNSTILE 0x22AA
DOUBLE VERTICAL BAR DOUBLE RIGHT TURNSTILE 0x22AB
DOES NOT PROVE 0x22AC
NOT TRUE 0x22AD
DOES NOT FORCE 0x22AE
NEGATED DOUBLE VERTICAL BAR DOUBLE RIGHT TURNSTILE 0x22AF
PRECEDES UNDER RELATION 0x22B0
SUCCEEDS UNDER RELATION 0x22B1
NORMAL SUBGROUP OF 0x22B2
CONTAINS AS NORMAL SUBGROUP 0x22B3
NORMAL SUBGROUP OF OR EQUAL TO 0x22B4
CONTAINS AS NORMAL SUBGROUP OR EQUAL TO 0x22B5
ORIGINAL OF 0x22B6
IMAGE OF 0x22B7
MULTIMAP 0x22B8
HERMITIAN CONJUGATE MATRIX 0x22B9
INTERCALATE 0x22BA
DIAMOND OPERATOR 0x22C4
DOT OPERATOR 0x22C5
STAR OPERATOR 0x22C6
DIVISION TIMES 0x22C7
BOWTIE 0x22C8
LEFT NORMAL FACTOR SEMIDIRECT PRODUCT 0x22C9
RIGHT NORMAL FACTOR SEMIDIRECT PRODUCT 0x22CA
LEFT SEMIDIRECT PRODUCT 0x22CB
RIGHT SEMIDIRECT PRODUCT 0x22CC
REVERSED TILDE EQUALS 0x22CD
PITCHFORK 0x22D4
EQUAL AND PARALLEL TO 0x22D5
LESS-THAN WITH DOT 0x22D6
GREATER-THAN WITH DOT 0x22D7
VERY MUCH LESS-THAN 0x22D8
VERY MUCH GREATER-THAN 0x22D9
LESS-THAN EQUAL TO OR GREATER-THAN 0x22DA
GREATER-THAN EQUAL TO OR LESS-THAN 0x22DB
EQUAL TO OR LESS-THAN 0x22DC
EQUAL TO OR GREATER-THAN 0x22DD
EQUAL TO OR PRECEDES 0x22DE
EQUAL TO OR SUCCEEDS 0x22DF
DOES NOT PRECEDE OR EQUAL 0x22E0
DOES NOT SUCCEED OR EQUAL 0x22E1
NOT SQUARE IMAGE OF OR EQUAL TO 0x22E2
NOT SQUARE ORIGINAL OF OR EQUAL TO 0x22E3
SQUARE IMAGE OF OR NOT EQUAL TO 0x22E4
SQUARE ORIGINAL OF OR NOT EQUAL TO 0x22E5
LESS-THAN BUT NOT EQUIVALENT TO 0x22E6
GREATER-THAN BUT NOT EQUIVALENT TO 0x22E7
PRECEDES BUT NOT EQUIVALENT TO 0x22E8
SUCCEEDS BUT NOT EQUIVALENT TO 0x22E9
NOT NORMAL SUBGROUP OF 0x22EA
DOES NOT CONTAIN AS NORMAL SUBGROUP 0x22EB
NOT NORMAL SUBGROUP OF OR EQUAL TO 0x22EC
DOES NOT CONTAIN AS NORMAL SUBGROUP OR EQUAL 0x22ED
VERTICAL ELLIPSIS 0x22EE
MIDLINE HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS 0x22EF
UP RIGHT DIAGONAL ELLIPSIS 0x22F0
DOWN RIGHT DIAGONAL ELLIPSIS 0x22F1

Unicode character names and hexadecimal entity codes were taken from the public Unicode Character Charts.