i386 assembler with Linux

Differences between Intel and AT&T syntax

There are the following differences between the "Intel" and the "AT&T" syntax.
AT&TIntel
Parameter ordersource,dest
(i.e. to put 23 in reg eax you write mov $23, %eax)
dest,source
(i.e. put 23 in eax becomes mov eax,23)
Parameter sizeuses suffix b for byte, w for int16, l for int32, q for int64
Immediate valuesare prefixed with $automatically detected
Registersare prefixed with %automatically detected (do not use variables named like registers)
Effective addressesuse use square brackets

For people like me who also know assembler for other CPU's (e.g. Motorola 68k), the AT&T syntax feels more familiar, and fortunately the people who made the GNU assembler thought likewise. So I will use only AT&T syntax here.

Example 1 - Copy integer variable a to variable b

int b=0, a=12; __asm__("movl %1, %%eax\n\t;" "movl %%eax, %0;" :"=r"(b) /* output variable is b */ :"r"(a) /* input variable is a*/ :"%eax" /* clobbered register - optional */ ); printf("a=%i, b=%i\n", a, b);

Example 2 - exit() syscall

asm("movl $1, %eax;" /* SYS_exit is 1 */ "xorl %ebx, %ebx;" /* Argument is in ebx, it is 0 */ "int $0x80" /* enter kernel mode */ );

How to learn more

A possible way to learn more assembler (if you already are a good C programmer) is to look how C gets translated to assembler by the compiler:
gcc -O3 -S test.c
will produce test.s in gas-compatible format...